PDC钻头水力学研究最新进展

朱海燕 王锡洲 刘时英 刘清友

朱海燕, 王锡洲, 刘时英, 刘清友. PDC钻头水力学研究最新进展[J]. 石油钻采工艺, 2009, 31(5): 23-28.
引用本文: 朱海燕, 王锡洲, 刘时英, 刘清友. PDC钻头水力学研究最新进展[J]. 石油钻采工艺, 2009, 31(5): 23-28.
ZHU Haiyan, WANG Xizhou, LIU Shiying, LIU Qingyou. The latest developments of the hydraulics research on PDC bit[J]. Oil Drilling & Production Technology, 2009, 31(5): 23-28.
Citation: ZHU Haiyan, WANG Xizhou, LIU Shiying, LIU Qingyou. The latest developments of the hydraulics research on PDC bit[J]. Oil Drilling & Production Technology, 2009, 31(5): 23-28.

PDC钻头水力学研究最新进展

详细信息
  • 中图分类号: TE921

The latest developments of the hydraulics research on PDC bit

  • 摘要: 以近年来国内外钻头水力学研究的文献为基础,论述了PDC钻头的水力学参数、井底流场和水力结构优化研究的最新进展,提出了研究中存在的问题和今后研究的方向。分析可知,PDC钻头水力参数的优选,趋向于使用较高的排量和较低的泵压;PDC钻头井底流场的模拟已逐渐由二维、单喷嘴的流动数值模拟发展到三维、旋转、非对称多喷嘴的流动数值模拟;钻头井底流场和试验已有机结合起来;PDC钻头井底流场的模拟,仍以清水为介质,没有考虑钻井液的黏度、井底岩屑和井底温度等对流场的影响。PDC钻头水力学研究仍处于一个定性阶段,对PDC钻头水力学状态的量化是今后研究工作的重点。
  • [1] [1]刘洪生,白伟,李邦达.初探PDC钻头水力参数选择[J].石油钻采工艺,1989,11(1):11-14.
    LIU Hongsheng, BAI Wei, LI Bangda. Preliminary exploration of PDC bit hydraulics optimization[J]. Oil Drilling & Production Technology, 1989, 11(1): 11-14.
    [2]王宁. PDC钻头钻井水力参数优选设计探讨[J]. 石油钻采工艺,1991,13(2):15-24.
    WANG Ning. The design of PDC bit hydraulics optimization[J]. Oil Drilling & Production Technology, 1991, 13(2): 15-24.
    [3]管志川,刘希圣,陈庭根,等. PDC钻头条件下圆喷嘴撞击射流井底流场的数值模拟[J].石油大学学报:自然科学版,1995,19(5):30-35.
    GUAN Zhichuan, LIU Xisheng, CHEN Tinggen, et al. Numerical simulation on the bottomhole flow of axisymmetric impinging jets for PDC bits[J]. Journal of the University of Petroleum: Edition of Natural Science, 1995, 19(5): 30-35.
    [4]管志川,李春山,苑明顺.多股撞击射流流场的数值模拟研究[J].石油学报,1998,19(2):117-120.
    GUAN Zhichuan, LI Chunshan, YUAN Mingshun. The research on fluid field numerical simulation of multi impinging jet[J]. Acta Petrolei Sinica, 1998, 19(2): 117-120.
    [5]高振果,董杰. PDC钻头井底水力问题的计算机模拟[J]. 石油钻采工艺,1995,17(6):19-24.
    GAO Zhenguo, DONG Jie. Computer simulation of PDC bit bottom hydraulic problem[J]. Oil Drilling & Production Technology, 1995, 17(6): 19-24.
    [6]黄红梅,翟应虎,王辉,等. 实体PDC钻头流场数值模拟与实验验证[J].石油大学学报:自然科学版,2005,29(3):49-52.
    HUANG Hongmei, ZHAI Yinghu, WANG Hui, et al. Flow field numerical simulation of entity PDC bit and experimental verification[J]. Journal of Petroleum University: Natural Science Edition, 2005, 29(3): 49-52.
    [7]况雨春,曾恒,周学军,等. PDC钻头水力结构优化设计研究[J].天然气工业,2006,26(4):60-67.
    KUANG Yuchun, ZENG Heng, ZHOU Xuejun, et al. The research on optimization design of PDC bits hydraulic structure [J]. Natural Gas Industry, 2006, 26(4): 60-67.
    [8]况雨春,杨云山,杨?新,等. PDC钻头井底流场CFD仿真及二次开发[J].钻采工艺,2007,30(1):77-79.
    KUANG Yuchun, YANG Yunshan, YANG Yingxin, et al. PDC bits bottom flow field CFD Simulation and secondary development[J]. Drilling & Production Technology, 2007, 30(1): 77-79.
    [9]王瑞和,沈忠厚.锥形旋转射流井底流场的数值模拟[J].石油大学学报:自然科学版,1998,22(6):46-49.
    WANG Ruihe, SHEN Zhonghou. Bottom flow field numerical simulation of conical swirling jet[J]. Journal of Petroleum University: Natural Science Edition, 1998, 22(6): 46-49.
    [10]谢翠丽,杨爱玲,陈康民. 非对称多喷嘴平底钻头井底三维流场数值模拟[J].石油学报,2002,23(6):77-80.
    XIE Cuili, YANG Ailing, CHEN Kangmin. Bottom three-dimensional flow field numerical simulation of Non-symmetric multi-nozzle flatter face bit[J]. Acta Petrolei Sinica, 2002, 23(6): 77-80.
    [11]郑胜,杨爱玲,陈康民.关于PDC钻头形态设计的探讨[J].石油机械,2003,31(1):21-23.
    ZHENG Sheng, YANG Ailing, CHEN Kangmin. With regard to shape design of PDC bits(PDC bit)[J]. Petroleum Machinery, 2003, 31(1): 21-23.
    [12]谢翠丽,孙光明. 六刀翼多夹层PDC钻头井下流场的模拟与设计[J].石油机械,2007,35(8):16-21.
    XIE Cuili, SUN Guangming. Bottom fluid field numerical simulation and design of six blades and multiple interlayers PDC bits[J]. Petroleum Machinery, 2007, 35(8): 16-21.
    [13]杨丽,陈康民. PDC钻头水力参数优化设计研究[J]. 矿山机械,2004,(11):6-7.
    YANG Li, CHEN Kangmin. The research on optimization design of PDC bit hydraulic parameters[J]. Mining Machinery, 2004, (11): 6-7.
    [14]杨丽,陈康民.喷嘴孔径对PDC钻头井底流场影响的研究[J].机械工程学报,2005,41(9):171-173.
    YANG Li, CHEN Kangmin. The research on the influence of hole of nozzle on flow field of PDC bits bottom[J]. Journal of Mechanical Engineering, 2005, 41(9): 171-173.
    [15]管志川,陈庭根,蔡镜仑.用矩形出口喷嘴改善PDC钻头水力结构的研究[J].石油大学学报:自然科学版,1992,16(2):20-28.
    GUAN Zhichuan, CHEN Tinggen, CAI Jinglun. The research on the improvement of the hydraulic structure of PDC drill bits by using rectangular exit nozzle[J]. Journal of Petroleum University: Natural Science Edition, 1992, 16(2): 20-28.
    [16]刘刚,陈庭根,管志川. 喷嘴倾角对PDC钻头齿水射流清洗力影响的实验研究[J].石油大学学报:自然科学版,1996,20(4):30-33.
    LIU Gang, CHEN Tinggen, GUAN Zhichuan. The research on the influence of nozzle obliquity on PDC Drill teeth cleaning power of water jet[J]. Journal of Petroleum University: Natural Science Edition, 1996, 20(4): 30-33.
    [17]朱儒民,牛涛,徐依吉,等.超高压PDC钻头超高压喷嘴布置实验研究[J].石油机械,2008,36(5):5-7.
    NIU Rumin, NIU Tao, XU Yiji, et al. The research on Ultra-high pressure nozzle distribution of PDC bits[J]. Petroleum Machinery, 2008, 36(5): 5-7.
    [18]何林峰,谢翠丽,陈康民. 流道形状对PDC钻头头部流场影响的数值模拟[J].上海理工大学学报,2007,29(1):59-64.
    HE Linfeng, XIE Cuili, CHEN Kangmin. Numerical simulation of the influence of flow paths form on PDC bits head flow[J]. Journal of Shanghai University of Technology, 2007, 29(1): 59-64.
    [19]李根生,沈忠厚.高压水射流理论及其在石油工程中应用研究进展[J].石油勘探与开发,2005,32(1):96-99.
    LI Gensheng, SHEN Zhonghou. High-pressure water jet theory and the research progress of its application in petroleum engineering[J]. Petroleum Exploration and Development, 2005, 32(1): 96-99.
    [20]王学杰,李根生,康延军,等.利用水力脉冲空化射流复合钻井技术提高钻速[J].石油学报,2009,30(1):117-120.
    WANG Xuejie, LI Gensheng, KANG Yanjun, et al. The use of hydraulic pulse cavitation jet compound drilling technology to increase drilling rate[J]. Acta Petrolei Sinica, 2009, 30(1): 117-120.
    [21]徐依吉.超高压水射流理论与应用基础研究[D].四川成都:西南石油学院,2004.
    XU Yiji. Ultra high pressure water jet theory and applied basic research[D]. Chengdu: Southwest Petroleum University, 2004.
    [22]熊继有.脉冲射流喷嘴的清岩与破岩机理[J].天然气工业,1995,15(2):38-40.
    XIONG Jiyou. Rock shovel with Pulse-jet nozzle and rock breaking mechanism[J]. Natural Gas Industries, 1995, 15(2): 38-40.
    [23]管志川,陈庭根,刘希圣. PDC钻头水力结构研究进展[J].石油大学学报:自然科学版,1994,18(6):136-142.
    GUAN Zhichuan, CHEN Tinggen, LIU Xisheng. Research progress in hydraulic configuration of PDC bit[J]. Journal of Petroleum University: Natural Science Edition, 1994, 18(6): 136-142.
    [24]KING I, BRATU C, DELBAST B, et al. Hydraulics optimization of PDC bits [R]. SPE 20 928, 1990.
    [25]ZIJSLING D H, NEDERLANDSE AARDOLIE MIJ B V, TIIERHAUS R. Eggbeater PDC drill bit design concept eliminates in water-base drilling fluids[R]. SPE/IADC 21 933, 1991.
    [26]WATSON G R. Using new computation fluid dynamics techniques to improve PDC bit performance[R]. SPE 37 580, 1997.
    [27]VEENHUIZEN S D, KOLLE J J, RICE C C, et al. Ultrahigh pressure jet assist of mechanical drilling[R].SPE/IADC 37 597, 1997.
    [28]AKIN J E. New hydraulics increase ROP for PDC and rock bits[R]. SPE 37 578, 1997.

    [1]刘洪生,白伟,李邦达.初探PDC钻头水力参数选择[J].石油钻采工艺,1989,11(1):11-14.
    LIU Hongsheng, BAI Wei, LI Bangda. Preliminary exploration of PDC bit hydraulics optimization[J]. Oil Drilling & Production Technology, 1989, 11(1): 11-14.
    [2]王宁. PDC钻头钻井水力参数优选设计探讨[J]. 石油钻采工艺,1991,13(2):15-24.
    WANG Ning. The design of PDC bit hydraulics optimization[J]. Oil Drilling & Production Technology, 1991, 13(2): 15-24.
    [3]管志川,刘希圣,陈庭根,等. PDC钻头条件下圆喷嘴撞击射流井底流场的数值模拟[J].石油大学学报:自然科学版,1995,19(5):30-35.
    GUAN Zhichuan, LIU Xisheng, CHEN Tinggen, et al. Numerical simulation on the bottomhole flow of axisymmetric impinging jets for PDC bits[J]. Journal of the University of Petroleum: Edition of Natural Science, 1995, 19(5): 30-35.
    [4]管志川,李春山,苑明顺.多股撞击射流流场的数值模拟研究[J].石油学报,1998,19(2):117-120.
    GUAN Zhichuan, LI Chunshan, YUAN Mingshun. The research on fluid field numerical simulation of multi impinging jet[J]. Acta Petrolei Sinica, 1998, 19(2): 117-120.
    [5]高振果,董杰. PDC钻头井底水力问题的计算机模拟[J]. 石油钻采工艺,1995,17(6):19-24.
    GAO Zhenguo, DONG Jie. Computer simulation of PDC bit bottom hydraulic problem[J]. Oil Drilling & Production Technology, 1995, 17(6): 19-24.
    [6]黄红梅,翟应虎,王辉,等. 实体PDC钻头流场数值模拟与实验验证[J].石油大学学报:自然科学版,2005,29(3):49-52.
    HUANG Hongmei, ZHAI Yinghu, WANG Hui, et al. Flow field numerical simulation of entity PDC bit and experimental verification[J]. Journal of Petroleum University: Natural Science Edition, 2005, 29(3): 49-52.
    [7]况雨春,曾恒,周学军,等. PDC钻头水力结构优化设计研究[J].天然气工业,2006,26(4):60-67.
    KUANG Yuchun, ZENG Heng, ZHOU Xuejun, et al. The research on optimization design of PDC bits hydraulic structure [J]. Natural Gas Industry, 2006, 26(4): 60-67.
    [8]况雨春,杨云山,杨?新,等. PDC钻头井底流场CFD仿真及二次开发[J].钻采工艺,2007,30(1):77-79.
    KUANG Yuchun, YANG Yunshan, YANG Yingxin, et al. PDC bits bottom flow field CFD Simulation and secondary development[J]. Drilling & Production Technology, 2007, 30(1): 77-79.
    [9]王瑞和,沈忠厚.锥形旋转射流井底流场的数值模拟[J].石油大学学报:自然科学版,1998,22(6):46-49.
    WANG Ruihe, SHEN Zhonghou. Bottom flow field numerical simulation of conical swirling jet[J]. Journal of Petroleum University: Natural Science Edition, 1998, 22(6): 46-49.
    [10]谢翠丽,杨爱玲,陈康民. 非对称多喷嘴平底钻头井底三维流场数值模拟[J].石油学报,2002,23(6):77-80.
    XIE Cuili, YANG Ailing, CHEN Kangmin. Bottom three-dimensional flow field numerical simulation of Non-symmetric multi-nozzle flatter face bit[J]. Acta Petrolei Sinica, 2002, 23(6): 77-80.
    [11]郑胜,杨爱玲,陈康民.关于PDC钻头形态设计的探讨[J].石油机械,2003,31(1):21-23.
    ZHENG Sheng, YANG Ailing, CHEN Kangmin. With regard to shape design of PDC bits(PDC bit)[J]. Petroleum Machinery, 2003, 31(1): 21-23.
    [12]谢翠丽,孙光明. 六刀翼多夹层PDC钻头井下流场的模拟与设计[J].石油机械,2007,35(8):16-21.
    XIE Cuili, SUN Guangming. Bottom fluid field numerical simulation and design of six blades and multiple interlayers PDC bits[J]. Petroleum Machinery, 2007, 35(8): 16-21.
    [13]杨丽,陈康民. PDC钻头水力参数优化设计研究[J]. 矿山机械,2004,(11):6-7.
    YANG Li, CHEN Kangmin. The research on optimization design of PDC bit hydraulic parameters[J]. Mining Machinery, 2004, (11): 6-7.
    [14]杨丽,陈康民.喷嘴孔径对PDC钻头井底流场影响的研究[J].机械工程学报,2005,41(9):171-173.
    YANG Li, CHEN Kangmin. The research on the influence of hole of nozzle on flow field of PDC bits bottom[J]. Journal of Mechanical Engineering, 2005, 41(9): 171-173.
    [15]管志川,陈庭根,蔡镜仑.用矩形出口喷嘴改善PDC钻头水力结构的研究[J].石油大学学报:自然科学版,1992,16(2):20-28.
    GUAN Zhichuan, CHEN Tinggen, CAI Jinglun. The research on the improvement of the hydraulic structure of PDC drill bits by using rectangular exit nozzle[J]. Journal of Petroleum University: Natural Science Edition, 1992, 16(2): 20-28.
    [16]刘刚,陈庭根,管志川. 喷嘴倾角对PDC钻头齿水射流清洗力影响的实验研究[J].石油大学学报:自然科学版,1996,20(4):30-33.
    LIU Gang, CHEN Tinggen, GUAN Zhichuan. The research on the influence of nozzle obliquity on PDC Drill teeth cleaning power of water jet[J]. Journal of Petroleum University: Natural Science Edition, 1996, 20(4): 30-33.
    [17]朱儒民,牛涛,徐依吉,等.超高压PDC钻头超高压喷嘴布置实验研究[J].石油机械,2008,36(5):5-7.
    NIU Rumin, NIU Tao, XU Yiji, et al. The research on Ultra-high pressure nozzle distribution of PDC bits[J]. Petroleum Machinery, 2008, 36(5): 5-7.
    [18]何林峰,谢翠丽,陈康民. 流道形状对PDC钻头头部流场影响的数值模拟[J].上海理工大学学报,2007,29(1):59-64.
    HE Linfeng, XIE Cuili, CHEN Kangmin. Numerical simulation of the influence of flow paths form on PDC bits head flow[J]. Journal of Shanghai University of Technology, 2007, 29(1): 59-64.
    [19]李根生,沈忠厚.高压水射流理论及其在石油工程中应用研究进展[J].石油勘探与开发,2005,32(1):96-99.
    LI Gensheng, SHEN Zhonghou. High-pressure water jet theory and the research progress of its application in petroleum engineering[J]. Petroleum Exploration and Development, 2005, 32(1): 96-99.
    [20]王学杰,李根生,康延军,等.利用水力脉冲空化射流复合钻井技术提高钻速[J].石油学报,2009,30(1):117-120.
    WANG Xuejie, LI Gensheng, KANG Yanjun, et al. The use of hydraulic pulse cavitation jet compound drilling technology to increase drilling rate[J]. Acta Petrolei Sinica, 2009, 30(1): 117-120.
    [21]徐依吉.超高压水射流理论与应用基础研究[D].四川成都:西南石油学院,2004.
    XU Yiji. Ultra high pressure water jet theory and applied basic research[D]. Chengdu: Southwest Petroleum University, 2004.
    [22]熊继有.脉冲射流喷嘴的清岩与破岩机理[J].天然气工业,1995,15(2):38-40.
    XIONG Jiyou. Rock shovel with Pulse-jet nozzle and rock breaking mechanism[J]. Natural Gas Industries, 1995, 15(2): 38-40.
    [23]管志川,陈庭根,刘希圣. PDC钻头水力结构研究进展[J].石油大学学报:自然科学版,1994,18(6):136-142.
    GUAN Zhichuan, CHEN Tinggen, LIU Xisheng. Research progress in hydraulic configuration of PDC bit[J]. Journal of Petroleum University: Natural Science Edition, 1994, 18(6): 136-142.
    [24]KING I, BRATU C, DELBAST B, et al. Hydraulics optimization of PDC bits [R]. SPE 20 928, 1990.
    [25]ZIJSLING D H, NEDERLANDSE AARDOLIE MIJ B V, TIIERHAUS R. Eggbeater PDC drill bit design concept eliminates in water-base drilling fluids[R]. SPE/IADC 21 933, 1991.
    [26]WATSON G R. Using new computation fluid dynamics techniques to improve PDC bit performance[R]. SPE 37 580, 1997.
    [27]VEENHUIZEN S D, KOLLE J J, RICE C C, et al. Ultrahigh pressure jet assist of mechanical drilling[R].SPE/IADC 37 597, 1997.
    [28]AKIN J E. New hydraulics increase ROP for PDC and rock bits[R]. SPE 37 578, 1997.
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2019-05-22
  • 修回日期:  2019-05-22
  • 刊出日期:  2009-11-02

PDC钻头水力学研究最新进展

  • 中图分类号: TE921

摘要: 以近年来国内外钻头水力学研究的文献为基础,论述了PDC钻头的水力学参数、井底流场和水力结构优化研究的最新进展,提出了研究中存在的问题和今后研究的方向。分析可知,PDC钻头水力参数的优选,趋向于使用较高的排量和较低的泵压;PDC钻头井底流场的模拟已逐渐由二维、单喷嘴的流动数值模拟发展到三维、旋转、非对称多喷嘴的流动数值模拟;钻头井底流场和试验已有机结合起来;PDC钻头井底流场的模拟,仍以清水为介质,没有考虑钻井液的黏度、井底岩屑和井底温度等对流场的影响。PDC钻头水力学研究仍处于一个定性阶段,对PDC钻头水力学状态的量化是今后研究工作的重点。

English Abstract

朱海燕, 王锡洲, 刘时英, 刘清友. PDC钻头水力学研究最新进展[J]. 石油钻采工艺, 2009, 31(5): 23-28.
引用本文: 朱海燕, 王锡洲, 刘时英, 刘清友. PDC钻头水力学研究最新进展[J]. 石油钻采工艺, 2009, 31(5): 23-28.
ZHU Haiyan, WANG Xizhou, LIU Shiying, LIU Qingyou. The latest developments of the hydraulics research on PDC bit[J]. Oil Drilling & Production Technology, 2009, 31(5): 23-28.
Citation: ZHU Haiyan, WANG Xizhou, LIU Shiying, LIU Qingyou. The latest developments of the hydraulics research on PDC bit[J]. Oil Drilling & Production Technology, 2009, 31(5): 23-28.
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